African Studies Quarterly Reference Style Guidelines

BOOK (Single author)

Chalfin, Brenda. 2004. Republic: State Power, Global Markets, and the Making of an Indigenous Commodity. New York, New York: Routledge.

BOOK (three or more authors)

Hyden, Goran, et al. 2002. Media and Democracy in Africa. NJ.: Transaction Publishers.

CHAPTER IN EDITED BOOK

White, Luise. 1997. “Cars Out of Place: Vampires, Technology, and Labor in East and Central Africa.” In Frederick Cooper and Ann Laura Stoler (eds.), Tensions of Empire: Colonial Cultures in a Burgeois World (Berkerly: University of California Press): 436-60.

JOURNAL ARTICLE

Amoko, Apollo. 2005. “The Resemblance of Colonial Mimicry: A Revisionary Reading of Ngugi wa Thiong’o’s The River Between.” Research in African Literatures 36.1: 34-50.

NEWSPAPER

Africa News, 7 December 1992, p.5.

Nossiter, Adam. 2010. “Ivory Coast Standoff Leads to Fears of Violence.” New York Times, 6 December: A10.

UNPUBLISHED MATERIAL (theses, dissertations, and other works)

Mapunda, Bertram Baltasar. 1995. “An Archaeological View of the History and Variation of Ironworking in Southwestern Tanzania” Ph.D. dissertation., University of Florida.

Moyd, Michelle R. 1996. “Language and Power: Africans, Europeans, and Language Policy in German Colonial Tanganyika.” Master’s thesis, University of Florida.

CONFERENCE PAPERS

Smouse, Mantoa Rose. 2006. “Language and the Politics of Inequality in South Africa: The Case of the Western Cape.” Presented at the University of Florida Center for African Studies Gwendolen M. Carter Conference “Law, Politics, Culture, and Society in South Africa: The Politics of Inequality Then and Now” (Gainesville, Florida).

NO ASCERTAINABLE PUBLICATION FACTS

(When no publication facts are to be found, the abbreviations n.p., n.d. may be used.)

Union of South Africa. Department of Information. n.d. “The Transkei: Emancipation without Chaos.”

INTERVIEWS

Interviews are best cited in text or notes. It is not necessary to include them in a bibliography, but if they are listed, the entries should follow a form similar to below:

Lemarchand, René. 2004. Transcript: Interview by Jennifer Ludden. Discussion re: the continuing violence in Central Africa between the Hutu and Tutsi. Weekend Edition (National Public Radio), 15 August. http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P1-105062017.html.

Jangano, Rishon. 1998. Personal interview, Nyakatsapa Mission, Zimbabwe. 23 April (transcripts in author’s possession).

MICROFORM

Haydon, Edwin Scott. 1960. Law and Justice in Buganda. Butterworth’s African Law Series, no. 2. London: Butterworth. Microfilm. East Lansing: Michigan State University Libraries, 1996.

BOOK REVIEW

Robinson, David. 1997. Review of Islamic Society and State Power in Senegal: Disciples and Citizens in Fatick by Leonardo Villalon. International Journal of Middle East Studies 29.1: 134-35.

GOVERNMENTAL MEETINGS/HEARINGS/DEBATES

U.S. House of Representatives. 2010. Committee on Foreign Affairs. Subcommittee on Africa and Global Health. “Zimbabwe: From Crisis to Renewal.” 2 December. http://www.internationalrelations.house.gov/hearing_notice.asp?id=1216.

U.S. Senate. 1977. Committee on Foreign Relations. Subcommittee on African Affairs. “South Africa, U.S. Policy and the Role of U.S. Corporations.” Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office.

GOVERNMENT DOCUMENTS

United Nations Security Council. 2010. Thirty-first Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Organization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. 30 March 2010. S/2010/164. http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol= S/2010/164.

United States Senate. 1976. Committee on Foreign Relations. U.S. Policy toward Africa: Report to Accompany S. Res. 436. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office.

LAWS, PUBLIC ACTS, & STATUTES

South Africa. 1953. “Bantu Education Act.” Act No. 47. Government of South Africa.

ARCHIVAL HOLDINGS

National Archives of Zimbabwe file AOH/32: Testimony of Chief Marufu Chikwakwa (February 1978) 30. United Methodist Church Archives, Lulu Tubbs Papers 1079-6-2:03-04: L. Tubbs, “The Record of a Great and Useful Life.” n.d., 1.

INTERNET-BASED SOURCES

Where the original source is available in another form, the pertinent publication information needs to be provided along with the URL used as a reference; where it is available only as an internet-based source, then the entry should follow a form similar to below:

Austin, Kathy L. 2010. Panel Discussant on WIDE ANGLE Program “The Changing Face of War.” PBS Video: 2 January. http://www.pbs.org/wnet/wideangle/ interactives-extras/audio-and-video/women-war-peace-video-the-changing-face-of-war/4115/.